雅思考試作文真題解答 [Sample Answer, IELTS Writing Task One, May 11th, ‘UK Domestic Residences with Cars’ Graph

By | May 21, 2019

March 11, Task One Item, large version.jpg

Just a week ago (on Saturday May 11th), the  Task-One Item shown above appeared in the real IELTS test.

Student have been asking me to provide sample answers to real questions, so I will do that here. This is a line graph, so we have change over time (COT). There are four lines, which is unusual [more often it is three], although the trends are simpler. The answer follows the system given in my Writing Task One book. Here is the sample answer.

The graph shows the change in the proportion of UK households with specific numbers of cars, from 1975 to 2005.

Generally speaking, at all times, the majority of households had at least one car nestled* alongside, but as vehicle numbers grew, fewer households were involved – that is, having an inverse* correlation*. In addition, this situation remained static* over the three decades (despite the pronounced* social, economic, environmental, and demographic* changes which inevitably* took place), with only a slight tendency* towards less car-possession near the end.

Considering lower numbers of vehicles, for the first 25 years, the proportion of ‘car-free’ residences* remained at 30%, then suddenly increased over the last half-decade to 40%. Single-vehicle possession was always highest, about 10% above the ‘no-car’ profile*, and with a similar, but smoother, growth at the end to almost half of all households, being the highest proportion of all.

Moving onto multiple* ownership, two-vehicle residences was a mirror image of those with none, remaining similarly steady (at a lower 20%), then experiencing the same abrupt* change in 2000, downwards to only one in ten. Having three-cars is yet another near-perfect reflection* of one-car residences, coasting* at around 10%, then gently inclining* downwards to the lowest figure of 5%.

[204 words]

Word Learning Time

Now, use your dictionary to find the meaning of all these words, then check how I used them in the sample answer.

1

to nestle

(v)

2

inverse

(adj)

3

correlation

(adj)

4

static

(adj)

5

pronounced

(adj)

6

demographic

(adj)

7

inevitable

(adj)

8

tendency

(n)

9

residence

(n)

10

profile

(n)

11

multiple

(adj)

12

abrupt

(adj)

13

reflection

(n)

14

to coast

(v)

15

to incline

(v)

I hope all this helps, and good luck with the IELTS test.

By the way, you can find out more about me at  www.aisielts.com  .

Author: Andrew

Andrew Guilfoyle Cambridge CELTA, Cambridge DELTA, Cambridge CELTA teacher-trainer, M.Ed